On 8 December, Abbott announced the initiation of ABSORB II, the first randomised, controlled, multicentre clinical trial to evaluate the safety, efficacy and performance of the Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) compared to Abbott’s Xience Prime everolimus eluting coronary stent system.
Approximately 500 patients with coronary artery disease will be enrolled at about 40 investigational sites in Europe and New Zealand. The first patient was enrolled by Philip MacCarthy, consultant cardiologist and clinical lead, and Jonathan Hill, consultant cardiologist, at King’s College Hospital in London, UK.
Absorb is a bioresorbable scaffold designed to treat a patient’s blocked vessel and then fully dissolve, leaving the vessel free of a permanent metallic implant. Because a permanent implant is not left behind, naturally occurring vessel functions may be restored. Absorb has CE mark and is authorised for sale in Europe for the treatment of coronary artery disease. In the United States, Absorb currently is investigational and is not available for sale.
“Absorb has the potential to be an important advancement in the field of interventional cardiology, as clinical trials of this dissolvable device to date suggest that a permanent implant may not be needed to restore and maintain blood flow to the heart,” said Patrick W Serruys, professor of interventional cardiology at the Thoraxcentre, Erasmus University Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands and primary investigator for the ABSORB II clinical trial. “The ABSORB II trial is designed to test unique endpoints to determine the differences between Absorb and a permanent metallic implant, which may provide us with valuable insight into the potential uses of bioresorbable technology in patients with coronary artery disease.”
Patients will be randomised at a ratio of 2-to-1 (Absorb to Xience Prime). The primary endpoints of the trial are change in dimension of the lumen (interior of the vessel) over time and vasomotion at the treated vessel segment, which will be assessed based on changes in the vessel diameter in response to a stimulus. Clinical endpoints, including death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularisation, and scaffold/stent thrombosis, will be assessed at 30 and 180 days and at one, two and three years post-treatment. Quality-of-life measures will be assessed prior to treatment, at 180 days and at one, two and three years post-treatment.